Spec. Issue 2006 - Article Summary

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USDA 3Rs initiatives in veterinary biologics

Jodie A. Kulpa-Eddy
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)-Animal and Plant Health,

Inspection Service (APHIS)-Animal Care,
Riverdale, USA

Summary
This paper provides a brief overview of the U.S. system of regulatory oversight of the production of veterinary biologicals (vaccines, bacterins, diagnostic test kits intended for use in animals). Alternative test methods have been accepted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), Veterinary Services, Center for Veterinary Biologics (CVB). Both historical and current initiatives in this area are discussed.

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