Spec. Issue 2006 - Article Summary

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Education in alternatives to animal experimentation

Tsutomu Miki Kurosawa
The Institute of Experimental Animal Sciences, Osaka University Medical School, Japan
This article describes various aspects of 3Rs education. To be able to understand and discuss 3Rs education, a certain background knowledge of animal experimentation, in particular animal experimentation as an alternative to human experimentation, is essential.
The realities of animal experimentation and medical and veterinary needs are discussed. The initiation and consequence of medical research is explained using examples of the author’s research activities.

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