Supp. Linz 03/2004 - Article Summary

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Neurotoxicity of active compounds - establishment of hESC-lines and proteomics technologies forhuman embryo- and neurotoxicity screening and biomarker identification

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Martina Klemm and André Schrattenholz
ProteoSys AG, D-Mainz
Summary
Pharmaceutical and chemical industries are facing new challenges for hazard and risk assessment from regulatory agencies. Especially for potential embryotoxicity of active compounds, conclusions from animal testing remain problematic due to numerous species-specific effects. Developmental toxicity screening preferentially should be performed with human material.
Appropriate models are scarce or missing, and the development of a human in vitro model for the molecular characterisation of embryotoxic effects appears to be highly desirable. The outstanding advantages of a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) based in vitro screening model for embryonic neurotoxicity become clear from corresponding results from a murine ESC-screening system. This in vitro test system is based on neuronal differentiated murine embryonic stem cells and quantitative differential proteomic display techniques to identify biomarkers for neurotoxicity. Results are superior to those of conventional array technologies (nucleic acids), because the proteomic analysis covers posttranslational modifications.
Under the new strict guidelines for stem cell importation of the German Ministry of Health and a Central Ethics Commission for Stem Cell Research, it is now possible for the first time to exploit the outstanding features of human embryonic stem cells to establish an innovative screening method for embryo- and neurotoxicity and to identify toxicity biomarkers without using animal-based in vitro or in vivo systems.

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